How can COP25 deliver increased ambition in 2020?

Women till soil in Rwanda

CASA partner organisation, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), has prepared a briefing that identifies what needs to be done to raise ambition at COP25.

This December the 25th Conference of the Parties (COP25) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change will be a turning point for global action towards the Paris Agreement. The Madrid meeting is the last formal international gathering before countries must submit their revised Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

This new paper from IIED identifies what needs to be done to raise ambition in the run up to COP25. The authors explain that COP25 must build on the political momentum generated by the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit in September 2019. Countries must finalise rules for the use of carbon markets and common timeframes for submitting NDCs, and successfully review and strengthen the institutional mechanisms to address loss and damage.

The briefing assesses the role of Least Developed Countries in the COP25 negotiations. It suggests that LDCs need to push market and non-market approaches to emissions reductions and common timeframes. At the same time, LDCs should ensure that the outcome of the review of the Warsaw International Mechanism enables a more robust system for addressing loss and damage. These outcomes will guide action towards achieving Paris Agreement goals.

Adopting these rules at COP25 will provide much-needed clarity to countries as they revise their NDCs to meet the March 2020 deadline and prepare long-term, low-emission development strategies.

Read the new paper: Ensuring COP25 delivers increased ambition in 2020

Photo: Photo: A’Melody Lee / World Bank

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