Practical action to tackle loss and damage risks: ten guiding principles


The need for practical action to address loss and damage caused by the climate crisis is now urgent.

Climate change impacts not only occur over a wide range of time horizons, they are also increasing in intensity and frequency, happening consecutively, overlapping, and interacting with underlying causes of vulnerability and marginalisation.

In addition, the distribution of risk is unequal between households, communities and regions.

In this briefing, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) outline the complex and multidimensional nature of loss and damage risks and explain why addressing them requires a ‘layering’ of interventions.

The authors also outline ten guiding principles that can help governments, decision-makers and other stakeholders to deliver a suite of layered, practical, effective and sustainable measures that address loss and damage risks and impacts at national and local levels.

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